The Eagle and the Scorpion; the Faravahar see below Number: From High Priestess Maxine:
Achaemenid — Name of the dynasty that ruled Persia from bce to bce. Ashur — Important city and sometimes capital in the Assyrian empire. Ashurbanipal — Last notable king of Assyria.
Ruled from bcebce Assyria — Major Bronze and Iron age civilization and sometime superpower based in modern day Northern Iraq. Astyages — King of the Medes. Lost his empire to Cyrus the Great. Babylonia — Sometime power and empire located in modern day Southern Iraq. Major urban center was Babylon, one of the greatest cities in ancient history.
Belshazzar— Son of Babylonian king Nabonidas. Left in Babylon as regent while Nabonidas is away from Babylon. Croesus — King of Lydia until defeated by Cyrus the Great. Cyaxares — King of the Medes from bce to bce.
Led the Medes while they were playing a key role along with the Babylonians in destroying the Assyrian Empire. Elam — Ancient civilization of Southwestern Iran. One of the great powers of the ancient world. Contemporary of Babylon and Assyria.
Eventually they merged with the Medes and the Persians. Hammurabi — Legendary law-giving king of Babylonia. Herodotus — One of the first great prose-style history writers.
Hittite — Bronze age state located around modern day Turkey from about bcebce.
Clashed with other great powers of its age including Egypt. Lydia — Originally a neo-Hittie kingdom, Lydia would eventually expand to include a large chunk of the former Hittite lands in modern day Turkey. Led by kind like Croesus, Lydia clashed with both Medes and Persians before eventually succumbing to the attacks of Cyrus the Great in bce.
Marduk — Patron God of Babylon with a powerful priesthood to champion the interest of the deity. First appears in Assyrian annals in the 9th century before becoming a major threat to the Assyrians by the last years of the 7th Century. Eventually will be instrumental along with the Babylonians in destroying the power of Assyria.
Nabonidus — Last king of the neo-Babylonian empire ruled from bce—bce. A controversial figure much maligned by the propaganda of his enemies. May have been trying to influence the Babylonian religious traditions.
Supposedly captured by Cyrus after the Persian conqueror took Babylon, but allegedly treated well by him. May have been one of the earliest Mesopotamian kings to claim divinity. Massively fortified, it fell to a coalition of Medes, Babylonians and possibly Scythians in bce altering the entire geo-political landscape.
Sardis — Heavily fortified capital city of the Lydian empire.In the 5 th century BC, Greek Historian Herodotus wrote about the customs and traditions he witnessed while in Babylon.
One of the more controversial customs he reports on is the Babylonian marriage market in which young women were gathered up and an “auctioneer would get each of the women to stand up one by one, and he would put .
Hammurabi (c. BC – c. BC) was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, reigning from BC to BC (according to the Middle Chronology).He was preceded by his father, Sin-Muballit, who abdicated due to failing leslutinsduphoenix.com his reign, he conquered the city-states of Elam, Larsa, Eshnunna, and leslutinsduphoenix.com ousted Ishme .
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Babylonia The Babylonian Empire was one of the great empires that dominated the region of Mesopotamia.
Many aspects that were unknown about this people were finally recent exposed, thanks to the work of archaeologists and specialists who managed to decipher the information contained in baked clay tablets and other inscriptions. Nineveh – One of the capitals of the Assyrian empire (and one of the largest, grandest cities of Iron Age West Asia).
Massively fortified, it fell to a coalition of Medes, Babylonians (and possibly) Scythians in bce altering the entire geo-political landscape. Hammurabi’s laws reflect the shock of an unprecedented social environment: the multi-ethnic, multi-tribal Babylonian world.
In earlier Sumerian-Akkadian times, all communities had felt themselves to be joint members of the same family, all equally servants under the eyes of the gods.