Any drug including alcohol that you consume can impact on your unborn child. If you swallow a drug, your body will deliver it to the baby through the placenta. If you inject a substance, it goes to the baby in larger amounts. Inhaling a drug has almost the same results.
Many people encounter stress from multiple sources, including work; money, health, and relationship worries; and media overload. With so many sources of stress, it is difficult to find time to relax and disengage. This is why stress is one of the biggest health problems facing people today.
Chronic Stress Chronic stress increases the risk of developing health problems including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, cancerand a weakened immune system. Many studies show a correlation between stress and the development of mood disorders such as anxiety disorders and depression.
Previous research has found physical differences in the brains of people with stress disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder PTSDand those without. People who experience chronic stress have more white matter in some areas of the brain. The UC Berkeley study wanted to find out the underlying reason for this alteration in the brain composition.
Gray Matter Gray matter in the brain is composed mainly of two types of cells: White matter mostly is composed of axons, which form a network of fibers to connect the neurons. For this study, the researchers focused on the cells that produce myelin in the brain to see if they could find a connection between stress and the proportion of gray brain matter to white.
Hippocampus The researchers performed a series of experiments on adult rats, focusing on the hippocampus region of the brain which regulates memory and emotions. During the experiments, they found the neural stem cells behaved differently than expected.
Prior to this study, the general belief was that these stem cells would only become neurons or astrocyte cells, a type of glial cell. However, under stress, these cells became another type of glial cells, oligodendrocyte, which are the myelin-producing cells.
These cells also help form the synapses, which are the communication tools that allow nerve cells to exchange information. Thus, chronic stress causes more myelin-producing cells and fewer neurons.
This disrupts the balance in the brain, causing communication in the brain cells to lose its normal timing, which could lead to problems. This might lead to a stronger connection between the hippocampus and the amygdala the area that processes the fight-or-flight response.
It might also cause weaker connectivity between the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex the area that moderates the responses.
If the amygdala and hippocampus have a stronger connection, the response to fear is more rapid. If the connection between the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus is weaker, then the ability to calm down and shut off the stress response is impaired.
Therefore, in a stressful situation, a person with this imbalance will have a stronger response with a limited ability to shut down that response. Oligodencdrocyte Cells This study shows that the oligodendrocyte cells might play a key role in long-term changes to the brain that could lead to mental health problems.
The researchers also believe that the stem cells which, due to chronic stress, are becoming myelin-producing cells rather than neurons, affect cognitive function, because it is the neurons that process and transmit the electrical information necessary for learning and memory skills.
More research is required to verify these findings, including studying humans rather than rats, which the researchers have planned. However, this study provides important insight into why chronic stress affects the brain and mental health, and how early intervention can help prevent the development of certain mental health problems.
How Stress Affects Mental Health Related Articles Marissa Maldonado Marissa Maldonado has spent years in dual diagnosis treatment centers as an outreach coordinator that specializes in helping people find mental health treatment at Sovereign Health Group.Mar 06, · Recent publications have shown that many adverse drug reactions can be prevented and detected through the use of systems interventions.
because most health care providers know that drugs . Visit the psychiatric drug side effects search engine to customize searches for specific side effects. Scroll down for links which provide summaries of all documented risks of Antidepressants, ADHD drugs, Antipsychotics and Anti-anxiety drugs, taken from drug regulatory warnings, studies, and over , adverse reaction reports filed with the U.S.
FDA. Alcohol is a drug (a chemical that has an effect on the body, and is not a food). There are different kinds of alcohol. The kind that people drink is called ethyl alcohol. This is made by fermenting different things with yeast and water.
What is used and the way this is done depends on what kind of. Beyond the harmful consequences for the person with the addiction, drug use can cause serious health problems for others. Some of the more severe consequences of addiction are: Drugs that are misused can cause intoxication, which hinders judgment and increases the chance of risky sexual behaviors.
The effects are similar to other drugs of abuse, and can lead to addiction. Prescription stimulants can reduce ADHD symptoms and increase focus and attention in people who have ADHD.
Abuse of prescription stimulants can increase heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature. Alcohol Facts and StatisticsUp-to-date statistics on alcohol consumption Alcohol’s effects on your brain and body depend on the ways you drink–such as how much and how often–as well as your age, gender, and overall health status.