The thesis must consist of one or more sentences located in one place, either the introduction or the conclusion.
History[ edit ] The concept of orgone belongs to Reich's later work, after he immigrated to the US. Reich's early work was based on the Freudian concept of the libidothough influenced by sociological understandings with which Freud disagreed but which were to some degree followed by other prominent theorists such as Herbert Marcuse and Carl Jung.
While Freud had focused on a solipsistic conception of mind in which unconscious and inherently selfish primal drives primarily the sexual drive, or libido were suppressed or sublimated by internal representations cathexes of parental figures the superegofor Reich libido was a life-affirming force repressed by society directly.
For example, in one of his better known analyses Reich observes a workers' political rally, noting that participants were careful not to violate signs that prohibited walking on the grass; Reich saw this as the state co-opting unconscious responses to parental authority as a means of controlling behavior.
He was forced to leave Germany very soon after Hitler came to power. Reich took an increasingly bioenergetic view of libido, perhaps influenced by his tutor Paul Kammerer and another biologist, Otto Heinrich Warburg. As a psycho-analyst Reich aligned such theories with the Freudian libido, while as a materialist he believed such a life-force must be susceptible to physical experiment.
He wrote in his best known book, The Function of the Orgasm: Driesch's contention seemed incontestable to me. He argued that, in the sphere of the life function, the whole could be developed from a part, whereas a machine could not be made from a screw However, I couldn't quite accept the transcendentalism of the life principle.
Seventeen years later I was able to resolve the contradiction on the basis of a formula pertaining to the function of energy. Driesch's theory was always present in my mind when I thought about vitalism. The vague feeling I had about the irrational nature of his assumption turned out to be justified in the end.
He landed among the spiritualists. After his migration to the US, Reich began to speculate about biological development and evolution, and then branched out into much broader speculations about the nature of the universe. Evaluation[ edit ] Orgone was closely associated with sexuality: Reich, following Freud, saw nascent sexuality as the primary energetic force of life.
The term itself was chosen to share a root with the word orgasmwhich both Reich and Freud took to be a fundamental expression of psychological health.
This focus on sexuality, while acceptable in the clinical perspective of Viennese psychoanalytic circles, scandalized the conservative American public even as it appealed to countercultural figures like William S.
Burroughs and Jack Kerouac. In at least some cases, Reich's experimental techniques do not appear to have been very careful, or to have taken precautions to remove experimental bias. Albert Einstein agreed to participatebut thought Reich's research lacked scientific detachment and experimental rigor; and concluded that the effect was simply due to the temperature gradient inside the room.
Upon further correspondence from Reich, Einstein replied that he could not devote any further time to the matter and asked that his name not be misused for advertising purposes.
Food and Drug Administration successfully sought an injunction to prevent Reich from making medical claims relating to orgone, which among other stipulations prevented him from shipping "orgone devices" across state lines.
Some psychotherapists and psychologists practicing various kinds of Body Psychotherapy and Somatic Psychology have continued to use Reich's proposed emotional-release methods and character-analysis ideas.Thomas Hobbes: Moral and Political Philosophy.
The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes () is best known for his political thought, and deservedly so. Be Defensible: the thesis should be one you can back up with evidence and details. Clearly Discernible This is probably the easiest of the Four Ds: the thesis should be easy to discern, or identify.
The Writing Process: Drafting: Thesis Statements. What is a Thesis? A thesis statement is a single, clear, direct statement of the main idea of an essay. Be Defensible: the thesis should be one you can back up with evidence and details.
miss it. Instead of building to a good, easy-to-find thesis, the essay makes the reader guess. This handout describes what a thesis statement is, how thesis statements work in your writing, and how you can craft or refine one for your draft.
Introduction Writing in college often takes the form of persuasion—convincing others that you have an interesting, logical point of .
Mackie - Ethics~ Inventing Right and Wrong (, ) - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free. Unformatted text preview: DBQ Tips Thesis Presents a thesis that makes a historically defensible claim and responds to all parts of the question.
The thesis must consist of one or more sentences located in one place, either in the introduction or the conclusion.