Deccan policy of the Mughal dynasty was weak during the reign of Babur and Humayun. According to Babur the state of Vijayanagara was the strongest among them.
Aurangzeb was bent upon crushing the power of the Marathas. He found that the States of Bijapur and Golcunda were a source of help to the Marathas who were employed in those states in large numbers. They occupied important places of trust and authority in civil administration.
Maratha soldiers were welcomed in those states. They got not only money but also military training. Aurangzeb felt that if those states were annexed, the source of the strength of the Marathas will be stopped.
Moreover, the rulers of those states were Shias and for a fanatical Sunni like Aurangzeb, there was no place for them in India. The Marathas were able to get a lot of booty of raiding those states. It was maintained that if those states were annexed, it will not be easy for the Marathas to gain anything because they shall have to fight against the might of the Mughal Empire.
With that object in mind, Aurangzeb himself went to the Deccan and annexed Bijapur and Golconda in and respectively. He might have claimed credit for the destruction of the Shia States, but he had committed a blunder in doing so.
He should have followed a buffer state policy towards those states and subordinated his religious zeal to statesmanship. If he had helped these states against the Marathas he would have been able to keep the latter in check with much less expense and waste of energy.
After the annexation of Bijapur and Golconda, Aurangzeb tried to crush the power of the Marathas. Sambhaji, the son of Shivaji, was captured and put to death under the orders of Aurangzeb.
His son, Sahu, was also captured and made a prisoner. He continued in Mughal custody up to However, the Marathas carried on their struggle against the Mughals under the leadership of Raja Ram and his widow Tara Bai.
When Aurangzeb died inthe power of the Marathas was still not crushed. They were stronger than before. Smith writes about AuYanzeb and his Deccan Policy in these words, "The Deccan was the grave of his reputation as well as of his body.
The result was that the whole of the Mughal administration was thrown out of gear. There was complete confusion everywhere. At a time when more money was required for the Deccan war, very little was coming from the provinces.
When Bahadur Shah succeeded to the throne, the treasury was empty. The Mughal Government being a centralised despotism, the absence of the Emperor from the North for a long period encouraged centrifugal tendencies among the Governors.
After the death of Aurangzeb, those tendencies continued to grow and the result was that ultimately various provinces became independent of the central authority. Thus, Awadh, Bengal, the Punjab and the Deccan became independent.
The Rohillas became independent in Rohilkhand. The Rajputs also asserted their independence.Aurangzeb spent the last 25 years of his life () in the Deccan.
According to J.N. Sarkar, "Looking collectively at the Mughal gains in the Deccan during the first twenty years of Aurangzeb's Reign, we find that he had in annexed Kalyani and Bidar in the Northeastern corner of the. So in short Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was a miserable failure.
His drive against the Marathas involved him in heavy expenses and brought him no success. The Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb was huge and it was not possible for one person to control everything.
On the other hand, Aurangzeb's third son Akbar left the Mughal court along with a few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and joined Muslim rebels in the Deccan. Aurangzeb in response moved his court to Aurangabad and took over command of the Deccan campaign.
The rebels were defeated and Akbar fled south to seek refuge with Sambhaji, Shivaji's successor. Aurangzeb was the longest (49 years) reigning MUGHAL emperor among all the Mughal leslutinsduphoenix.com was the most ambitious and expansionist and almost conquered the whole of Indian Subcontinent.
He was ruthless against the ruler in DECCAN and subdued the. In view of this she puts forward three fundamental factors which, in her opinion, conditioned Aurangzeb's Deccan policy: 1. the limited Mughal financial resources in Deccan; 2.
the Mughal relations with the Deccan states; and. 3. the rise of the Marathas. Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb Category: History of Mughal Empire On September 9, By Bharat Mehta Akbar was the first among the Mughal emperors to have affected conquests beyond the Vindhyas.