Comparative Literature While it seeks to prepare its students for reading and research in the languages and histories of different societies and periods, it is also dedicated to their critical and cultural analysis. Literary theory in all its forms helps to break down the borders between national literary fields, as well as between literary studies and other disciplines. Indeed, the discipline of Comparative Literature asks, often, just what "literature" is, and how it functions as a product of and response to our imaginations, our languages, and our social and economic lives. Students in our courses, majors in the department, and graduate students in the Ph.
Nonetheless, it is the fluid and often acrimonious relationship between Africa and the field of history that allows the subject to offer a valuable insight into the changing nature of the practice of history itself and into the scholars, observers, and agents who have produced that history.
For much of antiquity, most of Africa existed on the periphery of the writing of history, a region defined often by speculation rather than by observation.
Then a strange thing happened. As new maritime technologies led to increased connections with and greater awareness of things and people African, rather than being brought into greater historical focus, Africa increasingly was pushed out of history altogether.
Indeed, during the Early Modern and Enlightenment periods, unintentional marginalization shifted to active exclusion. This reality is crucial to our understanding of history and the study of Africa because it was during this period that the very concept of history as a modern field of study was being created.
The denial of African history, however, was to be temporary. Even during the 19th century, Africans and those of African descent were beginning to challenge the notion of an ahistorical Africa.
By the middle of the 20th century, these early historians of Africa were joined by a group of area studies specialists known as Africanists who sought to pioneer and use innovative forms of research and evidence to prove that a very real and dynamic African history could be revealed and written.
This process accelerated as the 20th century progressed, especially as increasing numbers of African-born historians not only drew upon Western methods of history to challenge European constructions of Africa but also found careers in Western universities to reform the field of history from within.
Curtin examines and challenges the construction of a particular image of Africa among the British. Du BoisHerskovitsand Mudimbe offer broader critiques of how Africa has been represented in history and philosophy.
Miller is perhaps the most historiographically detailed examination of changing attitudes toward Africa by historians, while Reynolds is a broader examination of the changing relationship between African history and world history. Phillips is largely methodological but also consistently addresses changing perspectives on Africa in history.
The Image of Africa: British Ideas and Actions, — University of Wisconsin Press, The World and Africa: The Myth of the Negro Past. The Invention of Africa: Gnosis, Philosophy, and the Order of Knowledge. Indiana University Press, An incisive intellectual history and assessment of the philosophical underpinnings of the creation of Western constructions of Africa and Africanness.
Phillips, John Edward, ed. University of Rochester Press, Written as an intentional follow up to McCall cited under Methodologiesthis edited volume examines the writing of African history from a number of disciplinary and methodological perspectives. From Antipathy to Synergy. Available online for purchase or by subscription.You may have arrived at this page because you followed a link to one of our old platforms that cannot be redirected.
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“European Documents and African History.” In Writing African History. Edited by John Edward Philips, – Writing Independent History: African Historiography, this volume maps out the current state of our knowledge on the use of archaeological and linguistic evidence for the reconstruction of early African.
The English Language and Nigerian Prose Fiction In his oeuvre of , “The African Writer and the English Language,” Chinua Achebe famously, and not uncontroversially, opined: “you cannot cram African literature into a small, neat definition [ ]. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Photos: Although Tewodros turned the gun on himself in order to avoid being captured alive, the British soldiers took his young son, Prince Alemayehu Tewodros (who died . Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE)..
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation. Writing African History Esperanza Brizuela-Garcia Montclair State University, materials in the definition and evolution of African history as a discipline.
However, she writing of African history and, in many cases, equally problematic. Essays on Arab and. Language documentation combines anthropological inquiry (into the history and culture of language) with linguistic inquiry, in order to describe languages and their grammars.
Lexicography involves the documentation of words that form a vocabulary.